The Castellone District of Formia
Castellone is situated in the higher section of the town of Formia. As you approach the lower part of the Castellone district, along Via Mamurra, you will pass under an arch and the remains of a roman construction.
Castellone is situated in the higher section of the town of Formia. This district takes its name from the Torre di Castellone, whuch stands in Piazza Sant’Erasmo. The octagonal tower was part of the fortress which was built on the remains of a former Roman colony. In the mid 1400’s Onorato I Caetani, Count of Fondi, built a fortress here in Castellone to protect against Saracen invasions. The town was surrounded by a strong defence system with fortified walls and was guarded by 12 watchtowers. A section of megalithic wall, made from huge polygonal blocks of stone, forms the base of the Torre di Castellone.
Close to Piazza di Sant’Erasmo stand the churches of Sant’Erasmo and San Probo in Via Olivetani.
From the Tower of Castellone the narrow street of Via del Castello leads downhill into the Medieval centre where there is a fascinating maze of narrow little vicoli.
In Piazzetta Sant’Anna stands the church of the same name.
Nearby is the entrance to an ancient Roman water cistern known as the Cisternone. It was built in the 1st century BC to supply the Roman town of Formiae with fresh water. It is possible to visit the Cisternone, see below.
The narrow street of Via del Castello continues heading downhill.
Eventually you will arrive at an old gateway and Torre dell’ Orologio, also known as the Porta dei Spagnoli. It has an 18th century majolica clock and a single bell.
Close-by is the 15th century Church of San Rocco which is situated just outside the walls of the medieval village of Castellone.
Here also is the the Piazzetta di Don Antonio Forcino with a colourful garden.
Also in this vicinity is the street Via Mamurra, where there is arch and the remains of a roman construction.
Also in this area in Vico del Teatro the remains of a Roman theatre can be seen, which dates back to the 1st century BC. Legend has it that this was the site of the death of Sant’Erasmo in 303 AD. Over the centuries apartments were constructed into the building.